A bruise or contusion appears when tiny blood vessels get damaged or break due to injury. It is a medical condition where blood from the damaged vessels remains accumulated beneath the epidermal layer. The skin becomes discolored and leaves a bluish or blackish mark. You can get a bruise when you bump into hard objects, during rigorous exercise, while playing body contact games or due to bleeding disorders. In most of the cases, this injury of the skin results in inflammation and pain. For quick recovery from the injury, use one of these easy treatment methods to cure bruises.
- Cold compress
It is one of the most effective ways to manage bruises. Take some ice-cubes in a plastic bag, and place it on the injured area for 20-30 minutes to reduce the inflammation and pain. Do not apply the ice-cubes directly as it may cause frostbite. The cold treatment reduces the blood flow and stops any internal bleeding due to the bruise. Alternatively, you can use commercial ice packs available at the pharmacy store, which can be frozen and re-used.
- Apply tincture of arnica
Massaging the area with a tincture of arnica or arnica gel is another easy treatment method for bruises. It reduces the soreness associated with the bruise.
- Place the injured area in a raised position
This easy treatment method for bruises involves keeping the injured area in a raised position. This method works if you have bruises on your hands or legs. It decreases the blood flow to the site and promotes clotting of the damaged vessels. The heart cannot pump much blood into the area since it is above the body level. Thus, the fluids drain away from the injured area.
- Pain-relieving medicines
If you experience intense pain in the bruised area, consult a doctor and ask them to prescribe a pain-relieving oral medication or topical cream. In most cases, Acetaminophen helps to improve the condition. Avoid taking aspirin or ibuprofen as it delays the clotting of the wound.
- Hot press
After two days from the occurrence of the injury, you can apply a hot press to the bruise. Heat a small cloth over an oven and place it on the wound for 10 minutes, two to three times a day. It increases the blood flow and helps the skin heal quickly.
If you’re looking for an easy and convenient way to treat bruises, you can choose any of the methods mentioned above.